World Heritage Day, which falls on April 18 each year, is celebrated to raise awareness of the need to protect the heritage and values of our different cultures. It also recognizes the achievements of organizations and communities such as the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) for working towards this goal. This appointment resolution of 18and of April each year as World Heritage Day, an idea proposed by ICOMOS to UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization), was adopted in November 1983.
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A country’s cultural heritage is shining proof of its glorious past. Likewise, in terms of cultural diversity, spirituality, rich histories and incredible landscapes, India ranks one of the top spots. As of the latest additions in July 2021, there are a total of 40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India.
Today, we are picking out the top five World Heritage Sites in India that every adventure lover should visit.
Taj Mahal, Agra
One of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Taj Mahal was built by Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. It is located on the bank of Yamuna River in Agra. The structure of the monument features conventional Mughal architecture with elements of Indian, Persian and Islamic architectural styles.
Ajanta Caves, Aurangabad
As extraordinary representations of the Buddhist religion, a group of 32 Buddhist caves have been deemed a World Heritage Site in the state of Maharashtra. These magnificent caves are home to rich sculptures and paintings recounting the life of Lord Buddha.
Temple of the Sun, Konark
The Sun Temple dedicated to Surya Devta in Odisha is another architectural marvel. It is not only architecturally significant but is also one of the most important temples in the South, and its remarkable form of a gigantic chariot amplifies its significance as a heritage site.
Kaziranga National Park, Assam
Popular for its great one-horned rhinoceros and rich biodiversity, Kaziranga National Park is perhaps one of India’s famous heritage sites. The government of Assam has made efforts to preserve the range of flora and fauna here.
Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh
Full of phenomenal artistic creations, the Khajuraho group of monuments was built by the Chandela dynasty between 950 and 1050 AD.
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He is particularly known for his erotic figurines and sculptures celebrating Hindu dance, music and culture, as well as the Jain religion.
On this World Heritage Day, let us vow to protect our traditional heritages and cultures.
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