Climate change increases the magnitude, frequency, duration and severity of climate-related risks. It has become a major factor in disaster losses and setbacks in development achievements.
Climate and disaster risks arise due to cumulative and cascading hazards and impacts, leading to complex and interconnected adverse consequences for various ecological and human systems. At the same time, other underlying risk factors such as poverty, demographic development, land degradation or conflicts increase exposure and vulnerability to climatic hazards. Therefore, risk assessment and management in the context of climate change requires a holistic and systemic perspective of risk and its underlying drivers due to the complex and partially systemic nature of climate-related risks.
The Technical Guidance on Comprehensive Risk Assessment and Planning in the Context of Climate Change provides guidance on how risks in the context of climate change can be addressed comprehensively and systemically through risk assessment. Decision-making, planning and integration of disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) perspectives and approaches while simultaneously linking to other goals and targets (e.g. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)) are also addressed. The guidance deepens the understanding and supports the implementation of comprehensive risk management defined by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH with a 2019 concept brochure, Global Climate Risk Management, and in accordance with the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) Global Disaster Risk Reduction Assessment Report 2019.
The guidance targets experts, policy makers, stakeholders and practitioners operating in the fields of DRR and CCA. It provides a framework and inspiration on how to apply comprehensive risk assessment and planning. The use and application of this guidance can be context-specific and customized, depending on country realities.
The guidance recognizes that risks in the context of climate change are complex and systemic due to non-linear interactions between system components and the need for improved risk governance. Understanding complex risks is therefore a priority. The guidance is part of the ERM Technical Expert Group Action Plan and was jointly initiated by the Expert Group members (Climate Analytics, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and UNDRR) and one non-member (GIZ). As a federal enterprise, GIZ supports the German government in achieving its goals in the field of international cooperation for sustainable development.
These guidelines have been jointly developed by the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH with the support of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) .